FUTURE TENSES in ENGLISH
How many future tenses are there in English and how do I use them?
Remember: You don’t have to watch these videos all at one time! Feel free to visit this post as often as you need.
Future simple : Will vs Be Going to
Watch the following video explanations from JenniferESLof the usages of will and be going to for the future:
|General facts or truths: Tomorrow is Tuesday.
In sentences that concern events that are on a definite schedule or timetable. These sentences usually contain future words. Only a few verbs are used in this way, eg: to be, open, close, begin, start, end, finish, arrive, come, leave, return.
The bus leaves at 8:36 from this bus top.
|In sentences that concern a definite plan or arrangement. These sentences usually contain future words, or the future is understood from the context.
Mary is taking her exam next year.
|1. When the speaker is making a prediction based on evidence.
There are dark clouds in the sky. It’s going to rain.
2. When the speaker already has an intention or plan.
I’m going to relax and read a magazine this evening.
BE GOING TO + BASE VERB
|1. When the speaker is making a prediction.(more opinion based than evidence based)
In 2040, there will be eleven million people in Switzerland.
-What are you doing tonight? -I don’t know…. Maybe I‘ll see that new Brad Pitt film.
Yes Mom, I’ll clean my room.
WILL + BASE VERB
based on the chart by EnglishClub.com (click to go to the original chart)
See if you’ve understood the explanations by doing the following online quiz:
Future Perfect Simple/Continuous
Start watching at 5:20 ( The first 5 minutes is an explanation of the basic future forms)
See if you’ve understood these more complex future tenses by doing the following online quiz:
You can also practice these future tenses by studying and completing the exercises in units 19-25 of Murphy’s English Grammar in Use book.